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Thyroid disorders

What does the thyroid do?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ in your neck, just above your collarbone. It works with the parathyroid glands to produce hormones that control metabolism and calcium levels. Metabolism is your body's way of turning food into energy to carry out activities and bodily functions.

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid (Hyperthyroidism)

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include weight loss, fatigue, nervousness, decreased concentration, rapid heart rate, tremors, excessive sweating and heat intolerance. Please note these symptoms do not always indicate hyperthyroidism, nor does everyone suffering from hyperthyroidism have these symptoms.

Symptoms of an underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism)

Underactive thyroid symptoms include fatigue, depression, weight gain, constipation, leg swelling, muscle cramps and increased cholesterol levels. Again, these symptoms do not always indicate hypothyroidism, and not everyone suffering from hypothyroidism has these symptoms.

Other thyroid disorders

Novant Health Endocrinology treats a variety of other thyroid disorders, including thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer and parathyroid disorders.

Thyroid disorders diagnosis and treatment

Our office offers a number of diagnostic tests and procedures including ultrasound and biopsies to diagnose thyroid disorders.  Treatment for thyroid disorders includes medication to stimulate or suppress hormone production. In some cases, surgery might be suggested.

(The pituitary gland, located in your brain, tells your thyroid how much hormone to produce. Pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders can be closely linked.)

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